Research into functional bowel disorders has linked the complex relationship of certain types of carbohydrates and gastrointestinal symptoms. FODMAP, which stands for fermentable oligo-di-monosaccharides and polyols is a collective term describing the short chain, poorly absorbed carbohydrates found in many common foods. In some people, the gut bacteria rapidly ferment FODMAPs producing gases and water retention, resulting in distention of the gut and a variety of gastro-intestinal symptoms.
FODMAP diets are typically recommended to be trialled initially for 2-6 weeks as long-term removal of food groups cannot be sustained.
One must ask “Why is there such an increase in gut dysbiosis?” The answer, I believe, lies in our diet. For years, we have been told that grains should be consumed daily. Grains form the base of the food pyramid. Yet, since these guidelines came into effect, we have seen a rise in cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, inflammatory conditions and ‘gut’ issues.
Unfortunately, eating large quantities of processed carbohydrates has caused such imbalance in many people’s digestive systems, that even eating vegetables and fruit can cause discomfort. FODMAP diets are extreme, but may be necessary to re-establish equilibrium.
In order to establish the degree of imbalance, a stool sample is often recommended. The tests conducted at True Medicine involve extensive examination and identification of microbial imbalances and best treatment options.
As with most conditions, self-diagnosis is not recommended as symptoms may be misleading. Professional assessment by a qualified practitioner will ensure you receive the treatment you need.